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History

For as long as man has known, candles have been used for lighting and over the centuries the basic construction has hardly changed, with a central wick and a body of fuel, originally made from Tallow, the fat from animals, mainly sheep,pigs and cows, the wicks from reeds or twigs.
 
Tallow candles produced black smoke and pungent smell when burnt, but were cheap, As time went on candles were made from different products such as beeswax, Vegetable waxes from trees such as the Tallow Tree, the desert shrub jojoba and even the fat from sperm whales.
 
The earliest known candles originated in China around 200 BC, and were made from whale fat. Candles did not appear in Europe until sometime after 400 AD, due largely to the availability of olive oil for burning in lamps.
 
The early European candle was made from various forms of natural fat, tallow, and wax. In the 18th century,spermaceti oil produced by the sperm whale, was used to produce a superior candle. Late in the 18th century, colza oil and rapeseed oil came into use as much cheaper substitutes.
 
Parrafin was first distilled in 1830, and revolutionized candle-making, as it was an inexpensive material which produced a high-quality, odourless candle that burned reasonably cleanly. The industry was devastated soon after, however, by the distillation of kerosene (confusingly also called paraffin oil or just paraffin).
 
Recently resin based candles that are freestanding and transparent have been developed, with the claim that they burn longer than traditional paraffin candles. They are usually scented and oil based.
 
With the production of fairly consistent and measurable burning time of a candle, a common use was to tell the time, with time measurement markings marked along the wax.
 
Today, candles are more a symbol of relaxation and therapeutic qualities, used for the emission of fragrant oils and soft romantic lighting.
 
Since the millenium a new wax made from soya bean has appeared on the market, giving rise to a new generation of candles, which are environmentally more friendly, being produced from growing , it is a natural raw material which is renewable and mostly obtained from fair trade sources.
 
The new wax has fast become the primary wax used for container candlemaking, its organic renewable credentials are raised by its burning properties which burns slower, longer and cooler allowing the perfumed varieties to slowly release their aroma from a large wick pool, but without the soot creation of parafin wax candles or the bitterness of smell, which can be caused when overheating or burning the essential oils or perfumes added, often found in cheaper candles.
 
The cost of Soy wax is more, but over the years is slowly coming own I price, but the burning time and enjoyment of perfumes increase makes this a good selection for scented candles.
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